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Sociology is a field of study that opens the doors of society so you can see what goes on behind them.
Sociology is the scientific study of social relations. It analyzes and explains human interaction in our personal lives, our communities, and in the world.
At the personal level, sociology investigates the social causes and consequences of racial and gender identity, group behavior, culture and socialization, marriage, and family life, to name a few.
At the societal level, sociology examines and explains matters such as crime, law and deviance, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, education, and religion.
At the global level, sociology studies such phenomena as power and conflict, population growth and migration, war and peace, economic development and social change.
To explain people’s behavior, we need to emphasize the social context in which they operate:
The field of Sociology takes an in depth look into how the above mentioned factors influence our thinking, our actions, our behavior, and our general life outcomes. This is called the “sociological imagination.” The idea is to tie the private troubles with public issues and this can be done in many ways that this discipline offers.
What about other factors such as working full time and juggling responsibilities, a break up or a divorce, sudden loss of job, anxiety and depression, taking care of a family member -- impact how we fare in life?
When people commit crimes, do drugs, get laid off, is it of their own failing or is it a combination of various social factors that lead to these outcomes?
Sociology helps us look beyond the surface, look at issues from multiple perspectives, it helps us look through the sociological lens. Sociology will help you connect your individual experiences to societal factors.
The major enhances this quality of mind, the way of seeing the interplay between people and society, biography and history, and the self and the world. The field allows you to contextualize and pursue structural issues and the socio-economic and historical processes that shape relationships. This is why inequality, oppression, and racism are some of the key processes they are able to explain.